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Injury Prevention Inventory: Motor Vehicle, Pedestrian, & Bicycle Injury
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INJURY PREVENTION INVENTORY

 

A Compendium of Injury Prevention Strategies, Sample Measures, & Resources




 MOTOR VEHICLE, PEDESTRIAN, AND BICYCLE INJURY

  

 

Strategies

Sample Measures

Additional Resources

 


Strategy

Supporting Resources

Title & URL

Author

Description

Alcohol-impaired driving policies

Prevention Status Report: Motor Vehicle Injuries

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The Prevention Status Reports highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of four key policies that states can use to reduce motor vehicle crash injuries and deaths

Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety – Impaired Driving

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage provides resources and information on measures that can help prevent injuries and deaths from alcohol-impaired driving

What Works: Strategies to Reduce or Prevent Drunk Driving

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage that provides recommended strategies for reducing or preventing drunk driving

Sobering Facts: Drunk Driving State Fact Sheets

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage of state-specific fact sheets that provide a snapshot of alcohol-involved deaths, drunk driving, and an overview of proven strategies to reduce or prevent drunk driving

Policy Impact: Alcohol Impaired Driving

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Issue brief on policies recommended to prevent alcohol-impaired driving

Increasing Alcohol Ignition Interlock Use : Successful Practices for States

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Report on how to increase the use of ignition interlocks to reduce repeat offences for driving while intoxicated

Bicycle helmet policy

Helmet Laws

Governor’s Highway Safety Association (GHSA)

Webpage provides guidance and tools related to motorcycle and bicycle helmet laws

 

Helmet Safety

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

A segment of HEADS UP that provides factsheets, videos, and resource materials related to helmet safety

Bicycles

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

Online bike safety tools and resources

 

Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety – Bicycle Safety

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Provides information on how to prevent bicycle-related injuries and deaths

Child restraint/booster seat policy for children up to age 8

Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety – Child Passenger Safety

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage provides child passenger safety tools and resources

 

What Works: Strategies to Increase Restraint Use

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Strategies that increase seat belt, car seat, and booster seat use

 

Policy Statement – Child Passenger Safety

American Academy of Pediatrics

Policy statement that provides 4 evidence-based recommendations for best practices in the choice of a child restraint system to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence

Child safety seat distribution program

Countermeasures That Work

U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

A basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, evidence-based countermeasures for traffic safety problem areas

Complete Streets policy (state statute or state DOT organizational policy)

Complete Streets: Policy Basics

Smart Growth America

Informational brochure on what Complete Streets policies are, why they are needed, and how to implement them

Complete Streets

Smart Growth America

Individualized state policies developed with the intent to view all transportation improvements as opportunities to create safer, more accessible streets for all users, including pedestrians, cyclists, and public transportation passengers. A strong Complete Streets policy will integrate Complete Streets planning into all types of projects, including new construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, repair, and maintenance

Program(s) incorporating Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED)

CPTED for Schools: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

National Clearinghouse For Educational Facilities

Website provides a resource list of information on the principles of CPTED as it applies to school facilities

Health In All Policies: Housing – Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)

This document discusses the benefit of using CPTED principles when designing communities as a crime prevention strategy

Design Out Crime

Los Angeles Police Department

This program introduces ways to deter crime changing the design of buildings and public spaces

Distracted driving policies

Policy Impact: Teen Driver Safety

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Issue brief about proven policies to improve the safety of young drivers on the road

Distraction.Gov – Official U.S. Government Website for Distracted Driving

U.S. Department of Transportation and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

Website that provides learning tools and resources to prevent distracted driving

 

 

Mobile phone use: a growing problem of driver distraction

World Health Organization (WHO)

Article on the growing threat of distracted driving and the impact that mobile phone use has on this trend

Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety – Distracted Driving

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage provides information and additional resources about preventing distracted driving

Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) policy

Teen Drivers – Graduated Driver Licensing

National Highway Traffic Safety Association (NHTSA)

Graduated Driver Licensing information and resources

 

 

 

Novice Teen Driver: Education and Training Administrative Standards

National Highway Traffic Safety Association (NHTSA)

Guide for all novice teen driver education and training programs to develop safe and competent young drivers

Uniform Procedures for State Highway Safety Grant Programs

National Highway Traffic Safety Association (NHTSA)

This action establishes new uniform procedures governing the implementation of State highway safety grant programs as amended by the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)

Motorcycle helmet policy

Helmet Laws

Governor’s Highway Safety Association (GHSA)

Webpage provides guidance and tools related to motorcycle and bicycle helmet laws

Motorcycle Safety Guide

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Provides evidence-based motorcycle safety information in an easy-to-use format

Primary seat belt policy

Policy Impact: Seat Belts

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Issue brief on preventing motor vehicle injury and death through seat belt use

 

 

Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety - Seat Belts

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Provides fact sheets, data, and additional resources on seat belt use

What Works: Strategies to Increase Restraint Use

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Strategies that increase seat belt, car seat, and booster seat use

 

Buckle Up: Restraint Use State Fact Sheets

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Webpage provides state-specific fact sheets that provide a snapshot of motor vehicle occupant deaths and seat belt use and an overview of proven strategies for increasing the use of seat belts, car seats, and booster seats

Programs enabling and encouraging children to walk and bicycle to school

Safe Routes to School

National Center for Safe Routes to School

Programs that examine conditions around schools, work to improve safety and accessibility, reduce traffic and air pollution in the vicinity of schools, and to help make bicycling and walking to school safer and more appealing transportation choices

Teen-parent driving agreements

Parent-Teen Driving Agreement

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

This website provides parents with a downloadable parent-teen driving agreement; parents can use this resource to emphasize the importance of safety and making smart driving decisions while behind the wheel

Checkpoints Program

University of Michigan Injury Center

This program helps parents create and use a parent-teen driving agreement during the first months teens drive without supervision

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Sample Measures

Sample Distal Measures for Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention

Sample Proximal Measures for Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention

  • Crashes
  • Emergency department visits
  • Fatalities
  • Hospitalizations
  • Children properly restrained
  • Citations issued
  • Interventions for impaired drivers
  • Knowledge of GDL and loopholes in GDL laws
  • Links between statewide surveillance systems that can inform motor vehicle injury prevention
  • Motor vehicle injury prevention policies adopted
  • Observed seatbelt use
  • Officers trained in child restraint use
  • Participants/organizations reached through teen motor vehicle safety programs
  • Partners actively engaged in implementing motor vehicle injury prevention programs and policies
  • Partners receiving occupant protection policy updates
  • Permit/licensure age
  • Police reports providing motor vehicle-related crash data
  • Public information and educational materials distributed
  • Teen motor vehicle safety programs
  • Un-helmeted motorcycle riders
  • Utilization of motor vehicle data and research

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Additional Resources Related to Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention

Title & URL

Author

Description

Prevention Status Reports (PSRs)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  The Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of public health policies and practices designed to address 10 important public health problems and concerns. The Motor Vehicle Injury PSR includes new details and recommended components of the graduated driver licensing indicator. Other indicators cover the use of seat belts, car seats and booster seats, and ignition interlock devices

Publications by the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA)

Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA)

GHSA produces a variety of publications for its members, highway safety partners and the general public.

Resources developed by the Safe Routes to School National Partnership

Safe Routes to School National Partnership

A searchable library of resources and best practices intended to advance Safe Routes to School policies, programs and initiatives

Protect the Ones You Love: Child Injuries are Preventable

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Initiative that provides educational resources to raise awareness about the leading causes of child injuries in the United States and how they can be prevented

The Facts Hurt: A State-by-State Injury Prevention Policy Report

Trust for America’s Health

This report highlights a set of indicators that provide the public and policymakers with information about the status of some key injury prevention policies in states, and provides recommendations for key strategies to reduce injuries in the United States

The State Health Department’s Role in the Policy Process

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

This document was created to provide guidance to CDC funded state health departments about their important role in informing and evaluating policy to prevent injuries and violence through active participation in the policy process

Vision Zero: Learning from Sweden’s Successes

Center for Active Design

This article explains the origins of the Vision Zero Initiative, its successes, and multi-national implementation

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Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations associated with the strategies and resources listed within this inventory are exclusively those of their authors, and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Safe States Alliance.



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