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Source: / Dan Burden

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Pedestrian injuries can be prevented through a variety of program and policy strategies. Explore the resources below to learn more about pedestrian injury prevention approaches.

Name Source Type Description
General Resources on Pedestrian Injury Prevention & Community Design
Everyone is a Pedestrian
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Offers links to many resources for pedestrian safety officials and advocates, including  pedestrian safety action plan guides and sample curricula for public education.
Programs and Campaigns
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Provides variety of resources on education and enforcement approaches to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety. Resources include guidelines, case studies, and fact sheets.
Case Study Compendium
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Toolkit/Guide Contains collection of all case studies developed by the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) and the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP). Covers pedestrian and bicycle projects and programs from across the United States and internationally, including engineering, education, enforcement, encouragement, planning, health promotion, and comprehensive safety initiatives.
Bicycles and Pedestrians National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) Website
Comprehensive information on policy approaches used by state legislatures to improve bicycle and pedestrian safety. Includes state legislative action reports and a searchable traffic safety legislation database.
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA); National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA); Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Provides comprehensive guidance on creating a pedestrian safety action plan. Also contains information on how agencies can enhance and evaluate their existing pedestrian safety programs and activities. Designed for engineers, planners, public health practitioners, and others involved in pedestrian safety efforts.
Steps to a Walkable Community (
America Walks; Sam Schwartz Engineering
Toolkit/Guide Interactive, searchable toolkit/guide available as website, pdf, and hardcopy with multidisciplinary approaches for improving community's walkability. Includes information on variety of tactics (e.g., advocacy, land use, enforcement) as well as case studies of communities that employed different strategies.
Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Traffic Safety Programs (Highway Safety Program Guideline No. 14)
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Toolkit/Guide Brief guideline that describes components (e.g., engineering, communication, evaluation) that a state pedestrian and bicycle safety program should include and the criteria that the program components should meet. 
Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Provides transit agency staff with information on improving pedestrian safety. Includes a variety of engineering, education, and enforcement approaches to address common pedestrian safety issues that are likely to arise near transit stations, bus stops, and other places where transit (bus or rail) is operated.
Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Interactive tool that provides practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. Contains list of possible engineering, education, or enforcement treatments to improve pedestrian safety and/or mobility based on user input about a specific location. Also includes case studies from 20 states.
Countermeasures that Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices—2013
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Provides basic guidance on selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas, including pedestrian and bicycle safety. Describes major strategies and countermeasures that are relevant to highway safety offices, summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation time. Also provides links to associated research.
A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians (NCHRP 500 Series)
Transportation Research Board (TRB)
Provides strategies on reducing number of collisions involving pedestrians. Designed primarily for practitioners responsible for implementing programs to reduce injuries and fatalities on the highway system.
Health in Transportation

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Comprehensive resource on connections between transportation and health issues, including pedestrian safety. Contains links to several Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) publications and active transportation resources. Also explains how FHWA works to incorporate health into transportation planning.
Safe, Healthy, & Active Transportation Toolkit 
Safe States Alliance
Comprehensive library of resources designed to provide public health professionals, planners, and others with presentations, seminal articles, case studies, fact sheets, and other sources of information that can be used to support and advance Smart Growth, livability, and improved built environment efforts. Includes many policy briefs on health and active transportation as well as links to a variety of strategies that support pedestrian safety.
Creating Safe, Healthy, & Active Transportation
Safe States Alliance; Safe & Healthy Communities Consulting

Presentation Kit; Fact sheet
Designed for public health professionals that want to engage their state, regional, and/or local transportation and public works agencies in efforts to design for health.
Healthy Places
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Resources on healthy community design by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Built Environment and Health Initiative (also known as the Healthy Community Design Initiative). Includes guides, fact sheets, and other tools for professionals looking at health and the built environment.
Smart Growth Tool Kit
Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)
Provides state and territorial health officials with information on different smart growth principles. Includes case studies and other resources for states and localities to better understand the concept of smart growth and develop model practices for their own communities.
Smart Growth Information Clearinghouse
Smart Growth Network
Comprehensive resource on smart growth principles. Provides information on news, events, funding opportunities, awards, and resources. Designed to support local decision-making that fosters healthy, resilient, and economically vibrant communities.
Case Studies on Healthy Communities
America Walks
Describes how three states have improved walkability by engaging public health, transportation, and commerce sectors through innovative approaches. Case studies also link to similar resources in America Walks' Learning Center.
Inspiration to Action: Implementing Projects to Support Active Living – 2011
AARP and Walkable and Livable Communities Institute (WALC Institute)
Comprehensive information for planners and others on creating healthy, age-friendly city infrastructures. Includes planning guides, case studies, and other useful tools.
Specific Strategies
Pedestrian Safety Campaign
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Website Public awareness campaign materials on pedestrian safety that can be downloaded and adapted by local communities. Intended to sensitize drivers about pedestrians, educate pedestrians about  risks, and explain or enhance pedestrian facilities.
It's Up to All of Us: A Public Education Campaign Guide for Promoting Pedestrian Safety
California Department of Public Health (CDPH)
Recent California public education campaign to promote pedestrian safety. Guide contains step-by-step instructions for adapting free campaign materials. Includes link to downloadable templates.
Child Pedestrian Safety Education: Applying Learning and Developmental Theories to Develop Safe Street-Crossing Behaviors
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Report Reviews the literature on child pedestrian safety education and offers suggestions on incorporating learning and developmental theories to enhance education activities. 
Materials for Hispanic Pedestrians and Bicyclists
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA); Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Provides links to various materials targeted to Hispanic pedestrians and bicyclists. Contains downloadable flyers, brochures,  posters, and PSAs as well as a marketing guide for this audience.
Engineering/Community Design
Building Healthy Places Toolkit/Guide: Strategies for Enhancing Health in the Built Environment
Urban Land Institute (ULI)
Toolkit/Guide Describes evidence-supported opportunities to enhance health through changes in approaches to buildings and projects. Designed for developers, owners, property managers, designers, investors, and others involved in real estate decision making.
A Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Toolkit/Guide Provides guidance for maintaining pedestrian facilities with the primary goal of increasing safety and mobility. Addresses the needs for pedestrian facility maintenance; common maintenance issues; inspection, accessibility, and compliance; maintenance measurers; funding; and construction techniques to reduce future maintenance.
Complete Streets: A to Z
National Complete Streets Coalition
Provides comprehensive information for communities and agencies that are working toward creating a safe, comfortable, integrated transportation network for all users. Includes resources for communities at every stage in the Complete Streets process. Topics include Complete Streets fundamentals, advancing policy, and effective implementation.
Economic Benefits of Complete Streets
Safe Routes to School National Partnership  Fact sheet
One-page tool that describes economic benefits of Complete Streets policies, including job creation and reduced health care spending.
Streets As Places: Using Streets To Rebuild Communities

Project for Public Spaces (PPS); AARP
Provides an overview of the basic elements that can help create good places and enhance community life. Includes a focus on traffic calming, an approach to the design and
management of streets that redistributes street space more equitably for all users.
Traffic Calming Toolbox
Project for Public Spaces (PPS)
Outlines 12 traffic calming strategies to balance traffic on streets with other uses. Also includes overview of traffic calming as a pedestrian safety approach and considerations when selecting strategies in a community.
Neighborhood Safe Streets Bill
Bicycle Alliance of Washington Fact sheet
Legislation passed in Washington in 2013 that gives cities and towns the ability to set speed limits to 20 miles per hour on non-arterial streets without approval from state Department of Transportation.
Pedestrian Safety Enforcement Operations: A How-To Guide
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Provide tips and guidance on how states and communities can effectively implement pedestrian safety enforcement activities. Includes promising approaches, evaluation strategies, and case studies. Recently published in 2014.
Effectiveness of Behavioral Safety Countermeasures
Transportation Research Board (TRB)
Presents framework and guidance for estimating the costs and benefits of emerging, experimental, untried, or unproven behavioral highway safety countermeasures. Designed primarily for safety practitioners responsible for the development and implementation of the state’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan.
The Public Health Impact of Community Speed Reduction
Health Resources in Action
Provides an overview of the public health impact of community speed reduction and highlights key recommendations. Speakers describe local and state approaches to reducing vehicle speeds in communities and the role of state level policy in promoting safer speeds.
Improving Pedestrian Access to Transit: An Advocacy Handbook
Outlines steps that lay activists can take to ensure that mass transit supports community needs and creates livable communities through improved pedestrian access. Includes case studies and lessons learned from previous experiences. Also contains glossary of useful transportation terms.
A Citizen’s Guide to Better Streets: How to Engage Your Transportation Agency
Project for Public Spaces (PPS); AARP
Designed to show people who are passionate about creating better streets and walkable communities how they can influence highway professionals to address transportation in ways that place the most value on people and on places. Includes information on the transportation planning process as well as a checklist of steps to take when working on transpiration issues.
A Resident's Guide for Creating Safe Communities for Walking and Biking
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Comprehensive, introductory information for residents looking to improving walking and biking conditions in their community. Contains checklists, tip sheets, and sample materials. Also includes case studies based on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) projects related to education and enforcement activities. Recently updated in January 2015.
Safe Routes to School
Safe Routes to School Guide
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Website Comprehensive online reference manual designed to support the development of Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs. Provides links to other SRTS publications and training resources. Includes education, engineering, enforcement, and evaluation strategies for SRTS.
Every Step Counts Marketing Materials
National Center for Safe Routes to School
Website Free, downloadable Safe Routes to School (SRTS) marketing materials focused on the benefits of walking and bicycling to school and what motivates parents to consider making that choice. Materials are designed to reach parents at the local and/or national level to support SRTS efforts in any stage of development.
Public Health-Led Safe Routes to School Programs: Experiences from Six Local Health Departments
Safe States Alliance
Describes the experiences from six health departments in diverse settings among five states that were awarded one‐year mini‐grants to engage the public health community in Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs. Provides information on how health professionals can get involved and work most effectively with schools and diverse partners to develop, deliver, and evaluate SRTS programs. 
Advancing Transportation and Health: Approaches from the Federal Safe Routes to School Program that Offer Broad Application
National Center for Safe Routes to School
Describes approaches used by the Safe Routes to School (SRTS) program to advance transportation and health. Covers nine topics ranging from branding and marketing to strategies for serving the underserved. Includes information on how lessons learned can be used by organizations. 

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