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Connections Lab: Defining the SRPF Approach
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Shared risk and protective factor (SRPF) approaches are efforts to improve multiple population health and quality-of-life outcomes by aligning diverse, multi-sector interventions that positively and equitably impact the social determinants of health.

While every SRPF approach may look different, they are united by three defining characteristics:


1. An SRPF approach improves multiple population-level outcomes.

The goal of an SRPF approach is to address and impact more than one population health or quality-of-life outcome at the same time. For example, instead of implementing a program to only reduce teen suicide, an SRPF approach would include implementing an intervention that addresses teen suicide and at least one other outcome, such as substance abuse among teens. SRPF approaches can also simultaneously address a health outcome (such as bullying) and a quality-of-life outcome (such as educational achievement).

2. An SRPF approach impacts the social determinants of health in ways that are positive and equitable.

Positively impacting the social determinants of health involves intervening in damaging cycles (e.g., poverty, economic inequality, structural racism, historical trauma) and reinforcing beneficial cycles (e.g., equitable access to quality education, de-stigmatized mental healthcare, community culture, resilience, and engagement). SRPF approaches can include interventions across the Social Ecological Model to influence social determinants at many levels, such as those impacting individuals, families, entire communities, or the larger public.

3. An SRPF approach engages partners across multiple disciplines and sectors.

An SRPF approach requires working across disciplines and sectors. SRPF approaches can include working with a state department of transportation on reducing teen substance abuse as part of an effort to also reduce motor vehicle crashes involving teens. SRPF approaches can also include working with businesses and non-profit organizations to increase affordable housing to address neighborhood poverty and to reduce community violence. To implement SRPF approaches, organizations may choose to formally share their resources or leverage funding streams across multiple departments and divisions.


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