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Injury Prevention Inventory: Unintentional Poisoning & Prescription Drug Overdose (PDO)
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A Compendium of Injury Prevention Strategies, Sample Measures, & Resources




Sample Measures

Additional Resources


Supporting Resources

Title & URL



Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP)

Prevention Status Report: Prescription Drug Overdose

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Deaths from prescription drug overdoses, particularly overdoses of prescription painkillers, have skyrocketed over the past decade. CDC and other agencies are working to identify and evaluate interventions to reduce overdose deaths. The Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) focus on policies and practices supported by emerging evidence, expert consensus, and/or extensive review of the primary drivers of the epidemic

Other prescription drug-related policies (e.g., doctor shopping laws, pain management clinic oversight, etc.)

Legal Changes To Increase Access To Naloxone For Opioid Overdose Reversal In The United States


The Network for Public Health Law


Abstract of study that utilized a structured legal research protocol to systematically identify and review all statutes and regulations related to layperson naloxone access in the United States that had been adopted as of September 2015

National Drug Control Strategy

Office of National Drug Control Policy

This website provides information on the national drug control strategies from 2010-present; these strategies were created to prevent drug use, reduce overdose deaths, and help people get treatment

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Sample Measures

Sample Distal Measures for Unintentional Poisoning/Prescription Drug Overdose

Sample Proximal Measures for Unintentional Poisoning/Prescription Drug Overdose

  • Emergency department visits
  • Fatalities
  • Hospitalizations
  • Drug collection sites
  • Healthcare agencies adopting prescribing guidelines
  • Links between statewide surveillance systems that can inform unintentional poisoning/ prescription drug overdose prevention
  • Opioid pain reliever prescribers
  • Organizations/agencies implementing programs
  • Partners actively engaged in implementing PDO prevention programs and policies
  • PDMP programs
  • PDMP registered prescribers
  • PDMP registered prescribers queries
  • Persons reporting they keep leftover opioid medication
  • Persons reporting they overuse opioid medication
  • Persons reporting they receive opioid medication from others
  • Poison control center calls
  • Police reports related to unintentional poisoning/prescription drug overdose
  • Prescribed and/or filled schedule II-V prescriptions
  • Trained controlled substance prescribers
  • Unintentional poisoning/prescription drug overdose prevention policies adopted

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Additional Resources Related to Unintentional Poisoning/Prescription Drug Overdose

Title & URL



Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  The Prevention Status Reports (PSRs) highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of public health policies and practices designed to address 10 important public health problems and concerns. The Prescription Drug Overdose PSR includes new details and recommended components of universal/mandated use PDMP policies

Protect the Ones You Love: Child Injuries are Preventable

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Initiative that provides educational resources to raise awareness about the leading causes of child injuries in the United States and how they can be prevented

The Facts Hurt: A State-by-State Injury Prevention Policy Report

Trust for America’s Health

This report highlights a set of indicators that provide the public and policymakers with information about the status of some key injury prevention policies in states, and provides recommendations for key strategies to reduce injuries in the United States

The State Health Department’s Role in the Policy Process

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

This document was created to provide guidance to CDC funded state health departments about their important role in informing and evaluating policy to prevent injuries and violence through active participation in the policy process

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Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations associated with the strategies and resources listed within this inventory are exclusively those of their authors, and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Safe States Alliance.

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