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Injury Prevention Inventory: Youth and Community Violence
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A Compendium of Injury Prevention Strategies, Sample Measures, & Resources



Sample Measures

Additional Resources



Supporting Resources

Title & URL



Anti-bullying policy (statewide)

Analysis of State Bullying Laws and Policies

U.S. Department of Education

Document that summarizes findings from a U.S. Department of Education study on state bullying prevention laws and policies


Stop Bullying Policies & Laws

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Online resource that provides state specific anti-bullying laws and policies

School-based bullying prevention program (e.g., Olweus Bullying Prevention Program)

Olweus Bullying Prevention Program

Hazelden Publishing

A bullying prevention program that includes school-wide, classroom, individual, and community strategies that create a safe and positive school climate, improve peer relations, and increase awareness of and reduce the opportunities and rewards for bullying behavior

School-based conflict resolution/social skills enhancement program

Engaging Schools (formerly known as Educators for Social Responsibility (ESR))

Engaging Schools

Program designed to foster children’s ethical and social development through its programs in conflict resolution, violence prevention, intergroup relations, and character education

The Peace Education Foundation



Peace Education Foundation, Inc.

Curriculum created to educate children and adults in the dynamics of conflict and promote skills of peacemaking in our homes, schools, community, the nation, and the world

Community-based violence interruption and social norms change program

Cure Violence


Cure Violence – Program Profile

Cure Violence

Prevention strategy that uses disease control and behavior change methods to reduce violence globally

School-based gang and violence prevention program

G.R.E.A.T. Program

Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.)

School-based national and international gang and violence prevention program

Program(s) incorporating Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED)

CPTED for Schools: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

National Clearinghouse For Educational Facilities

Website provides a resource list of information on the principles of CPTED as it applies to school facilities

Health In All Policies: Housing – Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)

This document discusses the benefit of using CPTED principles when designing communities as a crime prevention strategy


Design Out Crime

Los Angeles Police Department


This program introduces ways to deter crime changing the design of buildings and public spaces

Complete Streets policy (state statute or state DOT organizational policy)

Complete Streets

Smart Growth America

Individualized state policies developed with the intent to view all transportation improvements as opportunities to create safer, more accessible streets for all users, including pedestrians, cyclists, and public transportation passengers. A strong Complete Streets policy will integrate Complete Streets planning into all types of projects, including new construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, repair, and maintenance

Complete Streets: Policy Basics

Smart Growth America

Informational brochure on what Complete Streets policies are, why they are needed, and how to implement them

Programs enabling and encouraging children to walk and bicycle to school

Safe Routes to School

National Center for Safe Routes to School

Programs that examine conditions around schools, work to improve safety and accessibility, reduce traffic and air pollution in the vicinity of schools, and to help make bicycling and walking to school safer and more appealing transportation choices

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Sample Measures

Sample Distal Measures for Youth and Community Violence

Sample Proximal Measures for Youth and Community Violence

  • Emergency department visits
  • Fatalities
  • Hospitalizations


  • Links between statewide surveillance systems that can inform efforts to prevent violence affecting youth and communities
  • Participants/organizations reached through prevention efforts
  • Partners actively engaged in implementing violence prevention programs and policies
  • Police reports related to violence affecting youth and communities
  • Reports of bullying related events in schools
  • Reports of violent events in schools
  • Trainings related to interventions intended to address violence affecting communities and youth
  • Policies adopted to address violence affecting youth and communities

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Additional Resources Related to Youth and Community Violence

Title & URL



A Comprehensive Technical Package for the Prevention of Youth Violence and Associated Risk Behaviors  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  A technical package is a collection of prevention strategies that represents the best available evidence to prevent or reduce the burden and consequences of public health problems like violence. This package supports CDC's Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere (STRYVE) national initiative and highlights 6 youth violence prevention strategies
STRYVE Strategy Selector Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)  This fully functional, sortable database provides access to strategies that reflect the best available evidence in preventing youth violence
Youth Violence Prevention Policy Portal   Safe States Alliance Developed by the STRYVE Action Council, the Youth Violence Prevention Policy Portal provides access to a variety of policy tools and resources to help prevent youth violence
Implementing and Evaluating Comprehensive Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevent Youth Violence Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) This report describes CDC's investment in university-community partnerships so that the best science can be utilized to prevent youth violence in high-risk communities
Constructing “Packages” of Evidence-Based Programs to Prevent Youth Violence Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) This paper describes the strategic efforts of six National Centers of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (YVPC), funded by the CDC, to work in partnership with local communities to create comprehensive evidence-based program packages to prevent youth violence
Designs for Evaluating the Community-Level Impact of Comprehensive Prevention Programs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) This article discusses the opportunities and challenges of developing research designs to evaluate the impact of community-level prevention efforts
Outcomes, Data, and Indicators of Violence at the Community Level
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Assessment of the process the YVPCs used for gathering and utilizing youth violence surveillance data, including available surveillance data sources, community-level outcomes, effective utilization of the data, and the benefits and limitations of each data source.
Community Engagement in Youth Violence Prevention: Crafting Methods to Context Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Exploration of aspects of community engagement employed by three YVPCs that operate in very different environments, describing methods for community engagement and the barriers and facilitating factors that have influenced implementation

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Kaiser Permanente

Investigation conducted to assess associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being

Connecting the Dots: An Overview of the Links Among Multiple Forms of Violence

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

A resource co-developed by CDC’s Division of Violence Prevention and Prevention Institute that shares research on connections between different forms of violence and describes how these connections affect communities

The Facts Hurt: A State-by-State Injury Prevention Policy Report

Trust for America’s Health

This report highlights a set of indicators that provide the public and policymakers with information about the status of some key injury prevention policies in states, and provides recommendations for key strategies to reduce injuries in the United States

Taking Back the Streets and Sidewalks: How Safe Routes to School and Community Safety Initiatives Can Overcome Violence and Crime

Safe Routes to School National Partnership

This report provides a primer for Safe Routes to School professionals looking to address community safety threats that may discourage or endanger students walking or bicycling to school.

VetoViolence Website

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

CDC’s online source of free violence prevention trainings, tools, and resources based on the best available evidence and research

The State Health Department’s Role in the Policy Process

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

This document was created to provide guidance to CDC funded state health departments about their important role in informing and evaluating policy to prevent injuries and violence through active participation in the policy process

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