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Checklists & Audits


Source: / Dan Burden

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Assessing a community's walkability is often the first step in planning pedestrian injury prevention activities. Use the tools and resources below to determine how friendly a community is for pedestrians.

Name Source Type Description
Libraries and Databases
Livability & Smart Growth Assessment Tool Database
Safe States Alliance
Online database
Provides centralized access to basic assessment tools and checklists that can assist users with evaluating their communities' degree of livability and provide essential information needed to create safer and healthier neighborhoods. Tools are searchable by community size, assessment type, user role, and six topic areas developed as a practical combination of the Livability and Smart Growth principles.
Planning & Data Collection Tools
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Library Provides overview of different data types to collect for pedestrian-related needs assessments, including crash, count, and roadway. Contains links to audits, survey tools, inventories, and other resources.
Tools and Measures
Active Living Research
Contains links to tools used to collect data on streets, schools, parks, or other community settings to see how well they support physical activity. Includes observational tools to assess both the environment and physical activity as well as surveys to assess perceptions of the environment.
Data Collection Guides
Data Collection and Analysis
America Walks
Website Provides descriptions of different tactics used to collect pedestrian-related data. Includes straightforward guidance and considerations for each tactic. Also includes links to case studies of data collection in four communities.
National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project
Alta Planning & Design; Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
Provides consistent model of data collection and ongoing data for use by planners, governments, and bicycle, and pedestrian professionals. Includes downloadable data collection instructions and forms as well as training materials. Used in all four Non-motorized Transportation Pilot Projects.
A Technical Guide for Conducting Pedestrian Safety Assessments for California Communities
University of California, Berkeley
Describes the California pedestrian safety assessment (PSA) process and provides guidelines for evaluators to conduct PSAs. Designed for transportation professionals in California communities but methods are applicable to other states.
Pedestrian Safety and Mobility Audit Guide
AARP; Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
Provides volunteer auditors with overview of technical, administrative, regulatory, social and behavioral issues related to pedestrian safety and mobility at intersections and road segments.
Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Volume Data Collection

Transportation Research Board (TRB)
Provides comprehensive information on collecting non-motorized count data. Describes methods and technologies for counting pedestrians and bicyclists. Includes explanation of correction factors to improve data accuracy.
Guide to Bicycle & Pedestrian Count Programs
Initiative for Bicycle & Pedestrian Innovation (IBPI)

Interactive website that explores how to create or improve a bicycle and pedestrian count program. Also contains long list of additional resources that includes available count data from several cities throughout the United States.
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Provides safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
Traffic Monitoring Guide
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Toolkit/Guide Provides guidance to state highway agencies in the policies, standards, procedures, and equipment typically used in a traffic monitoring program. Outlines recommendations to help improve and advance current programs with consideration for recent transportation legislation resulting from MAP-21.
Estimating Bicycling and Walking for Planning and Project Development: A Guidebook Transportation Research Board (TRB) Toolkit/Guide
Contains methods and tools for practitioners to estimate bicycling and walking demand as part of regional-, corridor-, or project-level analyses.
Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Toolkit/Guide
Provides comprehensive information on identifying and understanding pedestrian needs when conducting a road safety audit (RSA). Guidelines provide detailed descriptions of potential pedestrian safety issues while the prompt lists are a general listing of potential pedestrian safety issues.
Road Safety Audits: Case Studies
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Toolkit/Guide
Case studies of 10 road safety audits (RSAs) supported by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Each case study includes photographs, a project description, a summary of key findings, and the lessons learned.
Health Impact Assessment (HIA)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Comprehensive resource on conducting health impact assessments (HIAs) to measure the health impacts of policies, plans, and projects. Provides best practice guides as well as examples across a variety of sectors.
Using Health Impact Assessments to Evaluate Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
White Paper
Explores opportunities for incorporating Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) in the transportation planning process. Includes case studies and links to several HIAs that have been done on bicycle and pedestrian initiatives.
Specific Tools
Walkability Checklist Federal Highway Administration (FHWA); National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA); Environmental Protection Agency; National Center for Safe Routes to School; Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) Checklist   Simple, easy-to-use checklist for residents to assess a community's walkability.
Checklist for Assessing the Accessibility of Transportation and Mobility
Easter Seals Project Action
Checklist that helps community stakeholders assess the accessibility of a transit route, including the pathways to the stop/station and accessibility on board a vehicle. Designed to help enhance the accessibility of transportation in a community through helping users evaluate individual routes/trips and fostering awareness of the different needs and abilities of community members.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT)
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Downloadable crash typing software designed to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners, and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety. Database contains details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists.
Built Environment Assessment Tool Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Tool and Manual A direct systematic observation data collection instrument for measuring the core features and quality of the built environment related to behaviors that affect health, especially behaviors such as walking, biking, and other types of physical activity.
Sidewalks and Streets Survey Tool AARP Toolkit A step-by-step toolkit for conducting a community walk audit.
Walkability Reports and Indices
Livability Index
AARP; Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
Website Uses national data, mapping technology, quantitative measures, and public policies to assess the quality of life in U.S. communities. Livability domains assessed include housing, neighborhood, transportation, environment, health, civil and social engagement, and opportunity.
Walk Score
Walk Score
Easy-to-use, searchable website that assigns a walkability score to every address in the United States. Methodology involves proximity of address to various amenities and pedestrian friendliness (e.g., population density, road metrics).
Dangerous by Design 2014
National Complete Streets Coalition
Ranks the country’s major metropolitan areas using a Pedestrian Danger Index, which assesses the likelihood that a person walking will be hit by a driver of a vehicle, and by looking at the overall percentage of traffic deaths suffered by people walking. Also includes specific recommendations to improve safety.
Foot Traffic Ahead: Ranking Walkable Urbanism in America’s Largest Metros
Center for Real Estate and Urban Analysis at George Washington University School of Business; Smart Growth America
Ranks country's top 30 metropolitan areas based on amount of commercial development in Walkable Urban Places (WalkUPs). Also uses metrics to project future walkability of the communities.

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