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HOW TO USE THIS RESOURCE

PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH

BACKGROUND

KEY DEFINITIONS

SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL MODEL FOR DRIVER SAFETY

SHARED RISK FACTORS

SHARED PROTECTIVE FACTORS

BEHAVIOR CHANGE STRATEGIES

RECOMMENDATIONS


APPENDIX A: PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION GUIDE

 

APPENDIX B: EXPLORING KEY FACTORS FOR RISKY DRIVING


COMPLETE RESOURCE DOCUMENT




 

 

Provided below is a collection of recommendations with special emphasis on applying a shared risk and protective factors approach to promoting safe and healthy driving practices.

 

The recommendations are organized into three areas: applying a shared risk and protective factor approach, implementing behavior change strategies, and utilizing data to measure impact. Click on each section header for a complete description of each recommendation.

 

Recommendations for Applying the Shared Risk and Protective Factors Approach to Reduce Risky Driving Behavior

  • Use and share the definitions for risk factor, protective factor, behavior change strategies, and evidence-based strategies established by this resource document and consistent with instituted definitions from global public health organizations.
  • Identify any biological and personal history factors that protect against risky driving behaviors and promote driver safety.
  • Identify any relational or social factors that increase risky driving behavior and promote safe driving practices.
  •  Identify the settings, such as schools, workplaces, and neighborhoods, in which social relationships occur that encourage or discourage risky driving behaviors and encourage safe driving practices.
  • Identify the broad societal factors that help create a climate in which engaging in risky driving behaviors is encouraged or inhibited.
  • Prioritize shared risk and protective factors when selecting strategies or interventions to address risky driving behavior.
  • Collaborate with researchers to operationalize and examine how social determinants of health increase the risk for unsafe driving practices or protect individuals, families, or communities from risky driving behaviors.
  •  Collaborate with research institutions to examine associations between psychosocial factors, environmental influences, social inequity, risky driving behaviors, and multiple health outcomes.

 

Recommendations for Implementing Behavior Change Strategies and Interventions that Reduce Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries and Fatalities

  • Implement strategies and interventions that are multi-sector and have the potential to simultaneously address risk and protective factors that are shared across multiple risky driving behaviors.
  • Collaborate with non-traditional partners to implement behavior change strategies.
  • Combine available funding or apply for joint funding across traffic safety and public health agencies to implement strategies that address shared risk and protective factors.
  • Collaborate with partners and researchers to implement educational and intervention efforts that are culturally appropriate.
  • Collaborate with researchers to advance strategies that focus on behavior change as a mechanism to encourage safe driving practices.
  • Collaborate with implementation partners to assure widespread adoption of behavior change strategies and interventions that consider any relevant factors that either influence risky driving behavior or protect against unsafe driving practices.

 

Recommendations for Utilizing Data to Measure the Impact of Shared Risk and Protective Factors on Strategies that Promote Driver Safety

  • Identify data sources that can measure the key variables associated with unsafe driving behaviors and connect any relevant individual, relationship, community, or societal level factors to intervention activities specific to reducing risk and promoting driver safety.
  • Collaborate with implementation partners to link data across various sources.
  • Collect or access data on variables that highlight key characteristics of a motor vehicle injury related to risky driving behaviors.
  • Facilitate partnerships across multiple disciplines to consistently analyze, interpret, disseminate, and use motor vehicle injury data sources.
  • Make data collection a routine practice when developing and implementing behavior change strategies and interventions.

 
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